Manajemen Depresi Berbasis Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya pada Mahasiswa Kesehatan

  • A. Nur Anna. AS Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Makassar,  Indonesia
  • A. Tenri Padad Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Makassar,  Indonesia
  • Muhamad Jauhar Universitas Muhammadiyah Kudus, Kudus,  Indonesia
Keywords: depresi, dukungan sebaya, konseling, remaja

Abstract

Fenomena depresi pada remaja yang mengakibatkan kejadian bunuh diri perlu mendapatkan perhatian lebih dari berbagai pihak. Meningkatnya jumlah kasus gangguan kesehatan mental khususnya depresi pada remaja secara signifikan setiap tahun baik global maupun nasional. Depresi pada remaja disebabkan oleh tuntutan peran baru, tugas-tugas, adaptasi dengan lingkungan baru, pengambilan keputusan, dan penentuan tujuan masa depan. Depresi dapat mengakibatkan percobaan bunuh diri bahkan kematian. Konseling sebaya menjadi salah satu strategi menyelesaikan masalah depresi melalui pendekatan yang sesuai dengan karakteristik perkembangan remaja. Tujuan kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini melakukan manajemen depresi melalui kelompok dukungan sebaya pada mahasiswa kesehatan. Kegiatan ini dilakukan dalam bentuk konseling sebaya dengan pendekatan Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) pada 87 mahasiswa kesehatan. Kegiatan ini dilakukan pada bulan Juli 2023 di Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar melalui luring dan daring. Konseling sebaya diberikan oleh psikiater, perawat praktisi, dan perawat akademisi. Media yang digunakan materi power point dan modul. Variabel yang dinilai yaitu tingkat depresi mahasiswa kesehatan. Analisis data menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif. Hasil kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat menunjukkan bahwa setengahnya mahasiswa kesehatan yaitu sebanyak 41 mahasiswa (47,1%) memiliki tingkat depresi ringan. Hal ini menjadi peluang untuk dapat melakukan upaya pencegahan depresi melalui konseling sebaya. Model intervensi ini dapat diintegrasikan dalam proses pembelajaran selama mahasiswa menjalani program Pendidikan tinggi kesehatan.

Abstract View: 20 PDF Download: 8
Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Ahmed, G., Negash, A., Kerebih, H., Alemu, D., & Tesfaye, Y. (2020). Prevalence and associated factors of depression among Jimma University students. A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-020-00384-5

Beirao, D., Monte, H., Amaral, M., Longras, A., Matos, C., & Villas-Boas, F. (2020). Depression in adolescence: a review. In Middle East Current Psychiatry (Vol. 27, Issue 1). Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43045-020-00050-z

Boers, E., Afzali, M. H., Newton, N., & Conrod, P. (2019). Association of Screen Time and Depression in Adolescence. In JAMA Pediatrics (Vol. 173, Issue 9, pp. 853–859). American Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2019.1759

Chekol, A. T., Wale, M. A., Abate, A. W., Beo, E. A., Said, E. A., & Negash, B. T. (2023). Predictors of depression among school adolescents in Northwest, Ethiopia, 2022: institutional based cross-sectional. BMC Psychiatry, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-023-04899-2

Cheung, A. H., Zuckerbrot, R. A., Jensen, P. S., Laraque, D., Stein, R. E. K., & GLAD-PC STEERING GROUP (2018). Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care (GLAD-PC): Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management. Pediatrics, 141(3), e20174082. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2017-4082

Fahomah, N. Y. R., & Smartinez, G. D. (2023). Konseling Sebaya Untuk Meningkatkan Self Confidence pada Mahasiswa dengan Hambatan Penglihatan . IJM: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary, 1(5), 1939–1947. Retrieved from https://journal.csspublishing.com/index.php/ijm/article/view/456

Fernandes, M. da S. V., Mendonça, C. R., da Silva, T. M. V., Noll, P. R. e. S., de Abreu, L. C., & Noll, M. (2023). Relationship between depression and quality of life among students: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-33584-3

Franzoi, I. G., Sauta, M. D., Barbagli, F., Avalle, C., & Granieri, A. (2022). Psychological Interventions for Higher Education Students in Europe: A Systematic Literature Review. Youth, 2(3), 236–257. https://doi.org/10.3390/youth2030017

Guerrero-Munoz, D., Salazar, D., Constain, V., Perez, A., Pineda-Canar, C. A., & García-Perdomo, H. A. (2021). Association between Family Functionality and Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Korean Journal of Family Medicine, 42(2), 172–180. https://doi.org/10.4082/kjfm.19.0166

Hapsah, H., AS, A. N. A., Rasmawati, R., & Wahyuni, W. (2022). Psychosocial Impact On Nurses In The First Three Months of Covid-19 Outbreak. Indonesian Contemporary Nursing Journal, 6(2), 47–52. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.20956/icon.v6i2.12776

Hapsah, H., AS, A. N. A., Rasmawati, R., Wahyuni, W., & Harun, B. (2021). Gender And Workplace Associated with Psychosocial Status of Nursing Population in Third Month Covid-19 Outbreak. Journal of Nursing Care, 4, 211–221. DOI : https://doi.org/10.24198/jnc.v4i3.30938

Hossain, M. M., Alam, M. A., & Masum, M. H. (2022). Prevalence of anxiety, depression, and stress among students of Jahangirnagar University in Bangladesh. Health Science Reports, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.559

Huang, X., Hu, N., Yao, Z., & Peng, B. (2022). Family functioning and adolescent depression: A moderated mediation model of self-esteem and peer relationships. Frontiers in Psychology, 13. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.962147

Institute of Medicine (IOM), & National Research Council (NRC). (2015). Investing in the health and well-being of young adults (R. J. Bonnie, C. Stroud, & H. Breiner, Eds.). The National Academics Press. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK284787/pdf/Bookshelf_NBK284787.pdf

Kaligis, F., Ismail, R. I., Wiguna, T., Prasetyo, S., Indriatmi, W., Gunardi, H., Pandia, V., & Magdalena, C. C. (2021). Mental health problems and needs among transitional-age youth in Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084046

Kavehfarsani, Z., Kelishadi, R., & Beshlideh, K. (2020). Study of the effect of family communication and function, and satisfaction with body image, on psychological well-being of obese girls: The mediating role of self-esteem and depression. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13034-020-00345-3

Khaliza, C., Besral, B., Ariawan, I., & EL-Matury, H. (2021). Efek Bullying, Kekerasan Fisik, dan Kekerasan Seksual terhadap Gejala Depresi pada Pelajar SMP dan SMA di Indonesia: Analisis Data Global School-Based Student Health Survey Indonesia 2015. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia, 2(2), 98-106. https://doi.org/10.15294/jppkmi.v2i2.53149

Korczak, D. J., WestwellRoper, C., & Sassi, R. (2023). Diagnosis and management of depression in adolescents. In CMAJ. Canadian Medical Association Journal (Vol. 195, Issue 21, pp. E739–E746). Canadian Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1503/CMAJ.220966

Liu, X.-Q., Guo, Y.-X., Zhang, W.-J., & Gao, W.-J. (2022). Influencing factors, prediction and prevention of depression in college students: A literature review. World Journal of Psychiatry, 12(7), 860–873. https://doi.org/10.5498/wjp.v12.i7.860

McLafferty, M., Lapsley, C. R., Ennis, E., Armour, C., Murphy, S., Bunting, B. P., Bjourson, A. J., Murray, E. K., & O’Neill, S. M. (2017). Mental health, behavioural problems and treatment seeking among students commencing university in Northern Ireland. PLoS ONE, 12(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188785

Moghimi, E., Stephenson, C., Gutierrez, G., Jagayat, J., Layzell, G., Patel, C., McCart, A., Gibney, C., Langstaff, C., Ayonrinde, O., Khalid-Khan, S., Milev, R., Snelgrove-Clarke, E., Soares, C., Omrani, M., & Alavi, N. (2023). Mental health challenges, treatment experiences, and care needs of post-secondary students: a cross-sectional mixed-methods study. BMC Public Health, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-023-15452-x

Pamungkas, Bagas A., Aisyah Dzil K. (2021). Gambaran tingkat depresi pada remaja: literatur review. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kesehatan LPPM UMPP, 1 (2021): 1332-1341. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48144/prosiding.v1i.832

Pascoe, M. C., Hetrick, S. E., & Parker, A. G. (2020). The impact of stress on students in secondary school and higher education. In International Journal of Adolescence and Youth (Vol. 25, Issue 1, pp. 104–112). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673843.2019.1596823

Ramon-Arbues, E., Gea-Caballero, V., Granada-Lopez, J. M., Juarez-Vela, R., Pellicer-García, B., & Anton-Solanas, I. (2020). The prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress and their associated factors in college students. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(19), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17197001

Rinawati, A., Arifah, U., & H, A. (2022). Implementasi Model Asset Based Community Development (ABCD) dalam Pendampingan Pemenuhan Kompetensi Leadership Pengurus MWC NU Adimulyo. Ar-Rihlah: Jurnal Inovasi Pengembangan Pendidikan Islam, 7(1), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.33507/ar-rihlah.v7i1.376

Riskedas. (2018). Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. In Kementrian Kesehatan RI (Vol. 53, Issue 9).

Riskesdas. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar. https://doi.org/10.1517/13543784.7.5.803

Selph, S. S., & McDonagh, M. S. (2019). Depression in Children and Adolescents: Evaluation and Treatment. Am Fam Physician, 100(10), 609–617. Retrieved from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31730312/

Tang, Y., & He, W. (2023). Depression and academic engagement among college students: the role of sense of security and psychological impact of COVID-19. Frontiers in Public Health, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1230142

Tesera, B., & Wohabie, B. (2021). The potential effect of depression on academic outcomes of students in higher educational institutions of northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Educational Research and Reviews, 16(1), 9–15. https://doi.org/10.5897/err2020.4055

Thapar, A., Collishaw, S., Pine, D. S., & Thapar, A. K. (2012). Depression in adolescence. In The Lancet (Vol. 379, Issue 9820, pp. 1056–1067). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60871-4

Van de Velde, S., Buffel, V., van der Heijde, C., Coksan, S., Bracke, P., Abel, T., Busse, H., Zeeb, H., Rabiee-khan, F., Stathopoulou, T., Van Hal, G., Ladner, J., Tavolacci, M., Tholen, R., & Wouters, E. (2021). Depressive symptoms in higher education students during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. An examination of the association with various social risk factors across multiple high- and middle-income countries. SSM - Population Health, 16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100936

Walker-Harding, L. R., Christie, D., & Joffe, A. (2017). Young Adult Health and Well-Being: A Position Statement of the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. In Journal of Adolescent Health (Vol. 60, Issue 6, pp. 758–759). Elsevier USA. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2017.03.021

Westberg, K. H., Nyholm, M., Nygren, J. M., & Svedberg, P. (2022). Mental Health Problems among Young People—A Scoping Review of Help-Seeking. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (Vol. 19, Issue 3). MDPI. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19031430

Windarwati, H. D., Lestari, R., Wicaksono, S. A., Kusumawati, M. W., Ati, N. A. L., Ilmy, S. K., Sulaksono, A. D., & Susanti, D. (2022). Relationship between stress, anxiety, and depression with suicidal ideation in adolescents. Jurnal Ners, 17(1), 36–41. https://doi.org/10.20473/jn.v17i1.31216

World Health Organization. (2021). Mental Health of Adolescents. https://www.who.int//news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-mental-health/?gclid=CjwKCAjw-KipBhBtEiwAWjgwrLUEUP07J-AMATzajD-oY0Hv_ylyJaJ255KeUsQRs6p3qbaZZTgnvRoCtGQQAvD_BwE

World Health Organization (WHO). (2015). Adolescent health in the South-East Asia Region. In World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/southeastasia/health-topics/adolescent-health

Worsley, J. D., Pennington, A., & Corcoran, R. (2022). Supporting mental health and wellbeing of university and college students: A systematic review of review-level evidence of interventions. In PLoS ONE (Vol. 17, Issue 7 July). Public Library of Science. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.026672

Published
2024-06-09
How to Cite
AS, A. N. A., Padad, A. T., & Jauhar, M. (2024). Manajemen Depresi Berbasis Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya pada Mahasiswa Kesehatan. Jurnal Inovasi Penelitian Dan Pengabdian Masyarakat, 4(1), 91-102. https://doi.org/10.53621/jippmas.v4i1.287
Section
Pengabdian Masyarakat
Abstract viewed = 20 times
PDF downloaded = 8 times